cabecera22 .::: MUSEO DE LA SIDERURGIA Y LA MINERÍA DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN ::. SABERO .::: MUSEO DE LA SIDERURGIA Y LA MINERÍA DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN ::. SABERO cabecera22 cabecera22 cabecera22 cabecera22 cabecera22 .::: MUSEO DE LA SIDERURGIA Y LA MINERÍA DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN ::. SABERO .:: .::: MUSEO DE LA SIDERURGIA Y LA MINERÍA DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN ::. SABERO .::

The procedure for obtaining coke carbon was done in closed furnaces, usually arranged in a battery. The coal was introduced and was heated to high temperatures during a long period of time (on the premises of the Forge the process lasted between 25 and 30 hours), provoking the thermal decomposition of the bituminous coal in the absence of air. The resulting carbon only contains a small fraction of volatile materials and it is a light and porous fuel, which was ideal for the manufacture of iron and steel. As its combustion does not produce smoke and is less contaminating, it was also used for heating. On the 14th of March in 1846 the first foundation stone was placed, for the first blast furnace of the Forge of Saint Blas. This construction, of refractory brick, was made up of two truncated cone bodies joined at the base. Their dimensions where of, 16 meters in height, 2.24 meters in diameter at the loader, 4.5 meters at the widest part of the belly and 37 centimetres at the crucible. The great novelty that this tall furnace brought with it, was that it worked continuously and it was the use of coke carbon that accelerated the obtaining of great quantities of steel. During the stages of maximum activity it had the capacity to produce more than nine tonnes a day.

 

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>> THE RAW MATERIALS

>> TECHNOLOGY AND PRODUCTÍON

>> THE FURNACE PUDDLING PROCESS AND THE WROUGHT IRON OR SOFT IRON

 

 
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Restos del patio de Altos Hornos

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Casa de Máquinas soplantes

 
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Resto del Alto Horno